FEHMARNBELT FIXED LINK BAT SERVICES Fauna and Flora ... . E3TR0017 Vol...

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Transcript of FEHMARNBELT FIXED LINK BAT SERVICES Fauna and Flora ... . E3TR0017 Vol...

  • Prepared for: Femern A/S

    By: DHI / BioConsult SH Consortium in association with University of Copenhagen and BIOLA

    Final Report

    FEHMARNBELT FIXED LINK

    BAT SERVICES

    Fauna and Flora - Impact Assessment

    Bats of the Fehmarnbelt Area

    E3TR0017

  • Responsible editor:

    FEBI consortium / co DHI

    Agern Allé 5

    DK-2970 Hørsholm

    Denmark

    FEBI Project Director: Anders Malmgren Hansen, DHI

    www.dhigroup.com

    Please cite as:

    FEBI (2013). Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link EIA.

    Fauna and Flora – Impact Assessment

    Bats of the Fehmarnbelt Area.

    Report No. E3TR0017.

    Report: 66 pages

    May 2013

    ISBN 978-87-92416-55-1

    Maps:

    Unless otherwise stated:

    DDO Orthofoto: DDO®, copyright COWI

    Geodatastyrelsen (formerly Kort- og Matrikelstyrelsen), Kort10 and 25 Matrikelkort

    GEUS (De Nationale Geologiske Undersøgelser for Danmark og Grønland)

    HELCOM (Helsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission)

    Landesamt für Vermessung und Geoinformation Schleswig-Holstein (formerly

    Landesvermessungsamt Schleswig-Holstein) GeoBasis-DE/LVermGeo SH

    Photos:

    Max Meyer (Cover page)

    © Femern A/S 2013

    All rights reserved.

    The sole responsibility of this publication lies with the author. The European Union is

    not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

  • E3TR0017 i FEBI

    CONTENTS

    SUMMARY ................................................................................................................. 1

    1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 3 1.1 Environmental theme ..................................................................................... 3 1.2 Environmental Components assessed ............................................................... 4

    2 THE FEHMARNBELT FIXED LINK PROJECT ......................................................... 5 2.1 Relevant Project pressures .............................................................................. 5

    3 DATA AND METHODS ..................................................................................... 6 3.1 Area of investigation ...................................................................................... 6 3.2 Content of the investigations and methodological approach ................................. 6 3.3 Marine area/Fehmarnbelt ................................................................................ 7 3.4 Impact assessment methodology ..................................................................... 7 3.4.1 Overview of terminology ................................................................................. 7 3.4.2 The Impact Assessment Scheme..................................................................... 10 3.4.3 Assessment Tools ......................................................................................... 10 3.4.4 Assessment Criteria and Grading .................................................................... 11 3.4.5 Identifying and quantifying the pressures from the Project ................................. 12 3.4.6 Importance of the Environmental Factors ......................................................... 12 3.4.7 Sensitivity.................................................................................................... 13 3.4.8 Severity of loss ............................................................................................. 13 3.4.9 Degree of impairment ................................................................................... 13 3.4.10 Severity of Impairment ................................................................................. 14 3.4.11 Range of impacts .......................................................................................... 14 3.4.12 Duration of impacts....................................................................................... 14 3.4.13 Significance ................................................................................................. 15 3.4.14 Comparison of environmental impacts from project alternatives ......................... 15 3.4.15 Cumulative impacts ...................................................................................... 15 3.4.16 Impacts related to climate change .................................................................. 17 3.4.17 How to handle mitigation and compensation issues ........................................... 18 3.5 Assessment methodology for bats ................................................................... 19 3.5.1 Importance .................................................................................................. 19 3.5.2 Assessment of magnitude of pressures ............................................................ 19 3.5.3 Sensitivity.................................................................................................... 19 3.5.4 Degree of impairment ................................................................................... 20 3.5.5 Severity of impact ........................................................................................ 21 3.5.6 Assessment of significance ............................................................................. 22 3.5.7 Assessment of strictly protected species .......................................................... 22

    4 ASSESSMENT OF 0-ALTERNATIVE ................................................................... 25 4.1.1 Identification of changes ................................................................................ 25 4.1.2 Development of landscape, nature, habitats and species.................................... 25 4.1.3 Changes due to implementation of new regulation ............................................ 26 4.1.4 Current spatial planning ................................................................................ 26 4.1.5 Forecasts on traffic intensity and demography .................................................. 26

    5 ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ................................................................ 27

    6 SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS ................................................................................. 28

  • FEBI ii E3TR0017

    6.1 Main pressures during construction (temporary):.............................................. 28 6.1.1 Disturbance ................................................................................................. 28 6.1.2 Barrier from construction vessels .................................................................... 28 6.1.3 Collision with construction vessels .................................................................. 29 6.1.4 Habitat change ............................................................................................. 29 6.1.5 Conclusion ................................................................................................... 29 6.2 Potential effects induced by the presence of the (permanent) physical structures

    and operation of the fixed link ........................................................................ 29 6.2.1 Barrier effects .............................................................................................. 30 6.2.2 Collision risk with structures .......................................................................... 31 6.2.3 Traffic related collision risks of bats ................................................................ 31 6.2.4 Loss and/or habitat change ............................................................................ 33 6.2.5 Conclusion ................................................................................................... 33

    7 ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS OF MAIN TUNNEL ALTERNATIVE ............................... 34 7.1 General description of the project ................................................................... 34 7.1.1 Tunnel trench ............................................................................................... 34 7.1.2 Tunnel elements ........................................................................................... 35 7.1.3 Tunnel drainage ........................................................................................... 35 7.1.4 Reclamation areas ........................................................................................ 36 7.1.5 Marine construction works ............................................................................. 38 7.1.6 Production site ............................................................................................. 38 7.2 Construction phase ....................................................................................... 40 7.3 Operation and structures ............................................................................... 40 7.3.1 Traffic related collision risk ............................................................................ 40 7.4 Summary of impacts and assessment of severity .............................................. 42 7.4.1 Conclusion and significance of impact ............................................................. 43 7.5 Assessment of strictly protected species .......................................................... 44 7.5.1 Deliberate capture or killing of specimens, including injury ................................ 44 7.5.2 Deliberate disturbance ....................................................................