Practical Course 4

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    Practical course 4 / Praktischer Kurs 4 / Gyakorlati kpzs 4 / Curs practic 4

    PassiveMedia context of PR

    Helpedby others

    De Geholfen von anderenMa Segtett a msok ltalRo Ajutai de alii

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    Grammar / Grammatik / Nyelvtan / Gramatic

    En De Ma Ro

    En voice passive Passive szenved pasiv

    De DiatheseMa igenemRo diateza

    En meaning The subject is not the agent. Das Subjekt is nicht dasAgens.

    Az alany nemcselekvje

    Subiectul nu esteagentul.

    De BedeutungMa jelentsRo neles

    En tenses PresentPastPresent perfect

    PrsensPrteritumPerfekt

    jelenmltbefejezett jelen

    prezentperfectprezent PerfectDe Tempora

    Ma ige idkRo timpuri

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    Grammar 1.1 / Grammatik 1.1 / Nyelvtan 1.1 / Gramatic 1.1

    En De Ma Ro

    En tense present simple passive Einfaches Prsens Passiv egyszer jelen passzv prezent simplu pasiv

    De TempusMa ige idRo timp

    En example Milk is drunk bychildren every day.

    Die Milch wird von denKindern jeden Tag

    betrunken.

    Tejet ivott gyermekekminden nap.

    Laptele este but de copiin fiecare zi.

    De BeispielMa pldaRo exemplu

    En meaning repeated actions in thepresent done by an agent

    wiederholte Handlungenin der Gegenwart voneinem Agens durchgefhrt

    ismtld cselekvsek ajelenben vgzett gynk

    aciuni repetate dinprezent fcute de unagentDe Bedeutung

    Ma jelentsRo neles

    En required by by von ltal de (ctre)

    De erforderlich durchMa ltal elirtRo cerut de

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    Examples / Beispiele / Pldk / Exemple

    De sein Ma lenni Ro fi De haben Ma birtokol Roavea

    De tun Ma csinl Roface

    De fragen Ma krRontreba

    En be En have En do En askEn affirmative I am been.

    You are been.He, she, it is been.We are been.You are been.

    They are been.

    I am had.You are had.He, she, it is had.We are had.You are had.

    They are had.

    I am done.You are done.He, she, it is done.We are done.You are done.

    They are done.

    I am asked.You are asked.He, she, it is asked.We are asked.You are asked.

    They are asked.

    De bejahenMa igenlRo afirmativ

    En

    interrogativeAm I been?Are you?Is he, she, it been?Are we been?Are you been?Are they been?

    Am I had?Are you had?Is he, she, it had?Are we had?Are you had?Are they had?

    Am I done?Are you done?Is he, she, it done?Are we done?Are you done?Are they done?

    Am I asked?Are you asked?Is he, she, it asked?Are we asked?Are you asked?Are they asked?

    De fragenMa krdRo interogativ

    En negative I am not been.

    You are not been.He, she, it is not been.We are not been.You are not been.They are not been.

    I am not had.

    You are not had.He, she, it is not had.We are not had.You are not had.They are not had.

    I am not done.

    You are not done.He, she, it is not done.We are not done.You are not done.They are not done.

    I am not asked.

    You are not asked.He, she, it is not asked.We are not asked.You are not asked.They are not asked.

    De verneinenMa nemlegesRo negativ

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    Grammar 1.2/ Grammatik 1.2 / Nyelvtan 1.2 / Gramatic 1.2

    En De Ma Ro

    En tense present continuouspassiv

    Kontinuirliches PrsensPassiv

    folyamatos jelen passzv prezent continuu passiv

    De TempusMa igeidRo timp

    En example The bone is being eatenby the dog.

    Der Knochen wird von derHund gefressen.

    A csont, amit megevett akutyt.

    Osul este mncat de ctrecine.

    De BeispielMa pldaRo exemplu

    En meaning momentary actions inthe present being doneby an agent

    vorbergehendeHandlungen in derGegenwart, die von einemAgenten durchgefhrt sind

    pillanatnyi intzkedseka jelen ltal vgzettgynk

    aciune n desfurare dinprezent fcut de unagentDe Bedeutung

    Ma jelentsRo neles

    En required by by von ltal de (ctre)

    De erforderlich durchMa ltal elirtRo cerut de

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    Examples / Beispiele / Pldk / Exemple

    De sein Ma lenni Ro fi De haben Ma birtokol Ro avea De tun Ma csinl Ro face De fragen Ma eszikRo ntreba

    En be En have En do En askEn affirmative I am being been.

    You are being been.He, she, it is being.We are being been.You are being been.They are being been.

    I am being had.You are being had.He, she, it is being had.We are being had.You are being.They are being had.

    I am being done.You are being done.He, she, it is being done.We are being done.You are being done.They are being done.

    I am being eaten.You are being eaten.He, she, it is being eaten.We are being eaten.You are being eaten.They are being eaten.

    De bejahenMa igenlRo afirmativ

    En interrogative Am I being been?Are you being been?Is he, she, it being been?Are we being been?Are you being been?Are they being been?

    Am I being had?Are you being had?Is he, she, it being had?Are we being had?Are you being had?Are they being had?

    Am I being done?Are you being done?Is he, she, it being done?Are we being done?Are you being done?Are they being done?

    Am I being eaten?Are you being eaten?Is he, she, it being eaten?Are we being eaten?Are you being eaten?Are they being eaten?

    De fragenMa krdRo interogativ

    En negative I am not being been.You are not being been.He, she, it is not being been.We are not being been.

    You are not being been.They are not being been.

    I am not being hadYou are not being had.He, she, it is not being had.We are not being had.

    You are not being had.They are not being had.

    I am not being done.You are not being done.He, she, it is not being done.We are not being done.

    You are not being done.They are not being done.

    I am not being eaten.You are not being eaten.He, she, it is not being eaten.We are not being eaten.

    You are not being eaten.They are not being eaten.

    De verneinenMa nemleges

    Ro negativ

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    Grammar 2.1 / Grammatik 2.1 / Nyelvtan 2.1 / Gramatic 2.1

    En De Ma Ro

    En tense past simple passive Einfaches Prteritum Passiv egyszer mlt passzv perfect simplu pasiv

    De TempusMa ige idRo timp

    En example Milk was drunk bychildren every day.

    Die Milch wurde von denKindern jeden Tag

    getrunken.

    Tej rszeg volt agyermekek minden nap.

    Laptele era but de copiin fiecare zi.

    De BeispielMa pldaRo exemplu

    En meaning Finished action in thepast done by an agent

    abgeschlosseneHandlungen in derVergangenheit, die voneinem Agentendurchgefhrt waren.

    Ksz fellps a mltbanvgzett gynk

    aciune terminata dintrecut fcut de un agent

    De BedeutungMa jelentsRo neles

    En required by by von ltal de (ctre)

    De erforderlich durchMa ltal elirtRo cerut de

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    Examples / Beispiele / Pldk / Exemple

    De sein Ma lenni Ro fi De haben Ma birtokol Roavea

    De tun Ma csinl Ro face De fragen Ma krRontreba

    En be En have En do En askEn affirmative

    De bejahenMa igenlRo afirmativ

    En

    interrogative

    De fragenMa krdRo interogativ

    En negative

    De

    verneinenMa nemlegesRo negativ

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    Grammar 2.2/ Grammatik 2.2 / Nyelvtan 2.2 / Gramatic 2.2

    En De Ma Ro

    En tense perfect continuouspassive

    Kontinuirliches PrteritumPassiv

    folyamatos mlt passzv perfect continuu passiv

    De TempusMa igeidRo timp

    En example The bone was beingeaten by the dog.

    Der Knochen wurde durchden Hund gefressen.

    A csont volt, hogymegette a kutya.

    Osul este mncat decine.

    De BeispielMa pldaRo exemplu

    En meaning Interrupted actions in thepast being done by anagent

    Unterbrochen Handlungenin der Vergangenheit, dievon einem Agentendurchgefhrt waren.

    Megszaktottcselekvsek a mltbanltal vgzett gynk

    aciune ntrerupt dintrecut fcut de un agent

    De BedeutungMa jelentsRo neles

    En required by by von ltal de (ctre)

    De erforderlich durchMa ltal elirtRo cerut de

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    Examples / Beispiele / Pldk / Exemple

    De sein Ma lenni Ro fi De haben Ma birtokol Ro avea De tun Ma csinl Ro face De fragen Ma eszikRo ntreba

    En be En have En do En askEn affirmative I wa being been.

    You were being been.He, she, it was being.We were being been.You were being been.They were being been.

    I was being had.You were being had.He, she, it was being had.We were being had.You were being.They were being had.

    I was being done.You were being done.He, she, it was being done.We were being done.You were being done.They were being done.

    I was being eaten.You were being eaten.He, she, it was being eaten.We were being eaten.You were being eaten.They were being eaten.

    De bejahenMa igenlRo afirmativ

    En interrogative Was I being been?

    Were you being been?Was he, she, it being been?Were we being been?Were you being been?Were they being been?

    Was I being had?

    Were you being had?Was he, she, it being had?Were we being had?Were you being had?Were they being had?

    Was I being done?

    Were you being done?Was he, she, it being done?Were we being done?Were you being done?Were they being done?

    Was I being eaten?

    Were you being eaten?Was he, she, it being eaten?Were we being eaten?Were you being eaten?