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    -0483

    Technical Hotline Germany+496007/9176-222

    www.wieland-international.com

    Instructions for U se

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    Ceram ic w orks by Christia n Ferra ri

    Photography by Curd Gada u

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    W IELA N D D ental+ Technik &

    W IELA N D D ental C eram ics

    4

    WIELAND

    Dent a l Ceram ics

    WIELAND Den ta l Ceram ics Gm bH

    w as fo unded in Rosbach-Rodh eim

    as a subsidiary of WIELANDDenta l + Technik GmbH &Co. KG,

    Pforzhe im. The compa ny commen -

    ced o perat ions a t the b eginning o f

    2002 and has continued to g row

    ever since. There a re no w over 30

    employees.

    The com pa nys g oa l is the d evelop-

    ment a nd production of veneering

    ceramics a nd cera mic system s tha t

    w ill set b enchma rks in mat erials

    technology and aesthetic standards.

    Dental technicians, dentists and

    schools of d entistry collab orat e

    closely in th is resea rch.

    The com pa ny current ly supplies

    veneering ceramics for all standard

    framew ork ma terials on the ma rket,

    for example al l types of m eta l cera-

    mic a lloys and ceram ic fra mew orks

    such a s Al2 O3 and ZrO2.

    Expertise, good customer relations

    an d innovation a re the fruits of

    close coo peration a nd integ ration

    of resea rch, d evelopment , a pplied

    technology a nd production pro-

    cesses.

    WIELAND

    Denta l + Technik

    Ever since Dr. The o do r Wiela nd

    founded t he company as a f a mily

    business in 1871, t he Wiela nd na me

    has represented a unique combina-

    t ion o f t r adi t ion a nd innovat ion a s

    w ell as high-q uality products an d

    the best in custome r service.

    Tod ay w e ha ve a sta f f of over 250

    employees and a re a ma rket leader

    in prod ucts and services fo r the d en-

    tal and precious metal industries.

    In recent yea rs a con stan t process

    of organisational optimisation to-

    get her with numerous technical

    innovations has enabled us to

    considerably strengt hen our ma rket

    position.

    At WIELAND Den ta l + Technik w e

    are proud of our compet ent de dica-ted s t a f f wh o u n derst an d h ow to

    exploit the synergy ef fe cts of our

    dif fer ing but interrelat ed prod uct

    lines w ithin our f lexible, custo mer-

    friendly structure.

    One ma jor a spect o f o ur business is

    produ cts and services in th e field o f

    high-q uality dent al restorat ions.

    The se includ e precious me ta l alloys,

    the AGC the w orlds leading elec-

    troforming system, w hich cat ers for

    the highest ae sthetic requirements,

    and dent al ceram ic veneers andstructural ceramics.

    Anot her ma in business area encom-

    passes the production of semi-

    finished precious met a l prod ucts

    for t echnical and decorat ive a pplica-

    tions, brazing alloys and special

    a lloys, precious me ta l electrolyte s,

    as w ell a s precious met a l refining,

    recovery and hazardous waste

    m an agem en t .

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    p. 6

    p. 9

    p. 11

    p. 12

    p. 13

    p. 18

    p. 20

    p. 23

    p. 24

    p. 30

    p. 36

    p. 37

    p. 40

    p. 43

    5

    New genera t ionCera mics .............................

    REFLEX Assort me nt s .........

    Colour-coded

    La be ls ..................................

    Instructions

    Prepara t ion of the

    Sub struct ure .......................

    Sta nda rd Build-up

    Procedu re ........................... REFLEX Stains ..................

    Professional Build-up

    Procedu re ...........................

    REFLEXChroma Dentines .............

    REFLEX Expert Set ........... REFLEX

    Sho ulder Ma te ria ls ........... REFLEX

    Gum Dent ines ................... REFLEX

    Blea ch Ma te ria ls ...............

    Firing prog ramm es ... .. . . .. . . .

    Trou b leshoo t ing ................

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    Innovative

    microstructure

    Very smoo th, ho mog eneous

    an d plaq ue resista nt surface

    Ging iva -friendly and kindto o pposing teet h

    Ea sily polished t o a high shine

    in the mo uth

    Indication

    Firing t empe rat ure: 900 C

    (1st dentine ba ke)

    Veneering ceramics for precious

    meta l alloys with a CETof a pprox.

    13.8 to 15.1 x10-6K-1 (25 500C)

    Non-precious metal alloys:

    When selecting non-preciousmeta l al loys plea se fol low the

    instructions on pa g e 12.

    Economical

    Easy and accurat e shad e reproduc-

    t ion w ith t he logical tw o-stag e

    bu ild-up (de nt ine /incisal)

    Rob ust in a pplicat ion

    Perfect ha ndling propertiesand minimized shrinkag e

    Innovative

    Nanoleucite structure

    Opalescence remains stable

    even through multiple firings

    N ew G eneration C eram ics

    Veneering ceram ics w ith

    innovative nanoleucite structure

    Aesthetic

    Perfect colour mat ch w ith a ll

    WIELAND ven ee ring cera mics

    Exception a lly na tura l colour eff ects

    Fulfil the highe st ae sthet icrequirements

    Light d ynamics are sta nda rd for us

    Reliable

    Bond very we ll to al l the indicated

    substructures

    Simple a nd reliab le firing pro-

    grammecf. T.Klinke, R.Biffa r, Quin te ssenz

    Zah nt ech nik 26 (12) 1317-30 (2000)

    Slow cooling no t usually necessary

    High fracture strength

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    REFLEX : Na no leucite Structure

    C oarse = Poor

    Inno vat ive na no leucite

    structure

    Fissure-f ree microstruct ure

    w ith ho mog enous distr ibu-

    tion o f minute leucite

    crystals

    Many o f the crysta ls ha ve dimen-sions on the nan omet re scale

    (

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    REFLEX (lef t) show s an extremely homog eneous, bubble-free opa que and dent ine layer compared w ith the competi tor s

    prod uct (right ). The result is th e b est po ssible bo nding to the alloy.

    Build-up: al loy /opa q ue /dent ine (bot h photo gra phs are to t he same ma gn if ication)

    Reliability

    The light opt ica l microscope ima g es

    below d emonstrat e the density of

    REFLEX opaq ue compared w ith a

    similar product from a competitor.

    REFLEX

    Alloy

    Opaque

    Dentine

    Alloy

    Opaque

    Dentine

    8

    Competi tor

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    REFLEX

    Sta rter SetReference No. 8300150SET

    Conta ins the V-shade s:

    A2 - A3 - A3.5 - B2 - B3 - C2 - C3 - D3

    8 x Paste opa q ue 4 g each

    8 x Dent ine 20 g ea ch

    6 x Dent ine mod ifier 20 g ea ch

    8 x Chroma den tine 20 g ea ch

    2 x Flu den tine 20 g ea ch

    2 x Incisal 20 g ea ch

    2 x Opa le inscisa l 20 g ea ch

    3 x Shou lder Hig h 20 g ea ch 2 x Tra nspa 20 g ea ch

    3 x Sta in 2 g ea ch

    1 x Gla ze 2 g

    1 x Correction 3 g

    1 x Reta in liq uid 50 ml

    1 x Speed liq uid 50 ml

    1 x Sta in an d g laze liq uid 15 ml

    1 x Paste opa q ue thinner 15 ml

    1 x IsoPen

    1 x Measure

    2 x Sha de g uide

    REFLEX Starter

    Pow der Set :

    REFLEXA ssortm ents

    REFLEX

    Add-on Set*Reference No. 8300160SET

    Conta ins the V-shade s:

    A1 - A4 - B1 - B4 - C1 - C4 - D2 - D4

    8 x Paste opa q ue 4 g each

    5 x Paste opa q ue

    modif ier 4 g each

    8 x Dent ine 20 g ea ch

    8 x Chroma den tine 20 g ea ch

    2 x Flu den tine 20 g ea ch

    2 x Inscisal 20 g ea ch

    2 x Opa le inscisa l 20 g ea ch 3 x Sho ulder High 20 g ea ch

    6 x Sta in 2 g ea ch

    4 x Body stain 2 g ea ch

    1 x Reta in liq uid 50 ml

    1 x Speed liq uid 15 ml

    1 x Sta in an d gla ze liq uid 15 ml

    1 x Paste opa q ue thinner 15 ml

    2 x Sha de g uide

    REFLEX Add-On

    Pow der Set *:

    Reference No. 830016PSET

    The REFLEX Add-on Pow der Set

    comprises the same compon ents a s

    the REFLEX

    Add -on Set except t ha tthe paste opaq ues, paste opa que

    modi f ier and paste opaq ue th inner

    are replaced by:

    8 x Pow der opa q ue 15g each 5 x Powd er opaque

    mod ifier 15 g ea ch

    1 x opa q ue liq uid 15 ml

    REFLEX

    Expert Set

    * The REFLEX A.E. Add-On (Pow der) Set complet es

    the REFLEX A.E. (Pow der) Set t o a full assortme nt.

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    REFLEX

    SprayOpa q ue Cla ssic Set *:

    Refere nce No. 8302130SET

    Conta ins the V-shad es:

    A2 - A3 - A3.5 - B2 - B3 - C2 - C3 - D3

    8 x Spray opa q ue 4 g ea ch

    1 x Foa m pellets pa ck of 10

    REFLEX Spray Opaq ue

    Add -o n Set

    (supplement):Refere nce No. 8302140SET

    Conta ins the V-shad es:

    A1 - A4 - B1 - B4 -C1 - C4 - D2 - D4:

    8 x Spra y opa q ue 50 ml ea ch

    1 x Foa m pellets pa ck of 10

    REFLEX

    Sta in Set :Reference No. 8300070SET

    16 x Stain 2 g ea ch

    1 x Glaz e 2 g

    1 x Stain a nd gla ze liq uid 50 ml

    1 x Measure

    1 x Sha de guide

    REFLEX A ssortm ents

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    Paste Opaq ue

    Provides a t hin coa t f or the meta l sub-

    structure and ensures good adhesion

    betw een the substructure and th e

    ceram ic. The o pa q ue a lso en sures true

    shade identity of all -type ceram ics.

    Powd er Opaq ue

    Provides a t hin coa t f or the meta l sub-

    structure and ensures good adhesion

    betw een the substructure and th e

    ceram ic. The o pa q ue a lso en sures true

    shade identity of all -type ceram ics.

    To use, mix wit h Opt imix po w der

    opa que l iquid .

    Dentine

    For constructing t he den tine core of

    the restoration a nd enha ncing the pri-

    mary shade ef fect .

    Dentine Modifier

    Lends a m ore individual nua nce to t he

    dent ine core in a variety of shad es.

    Chromatix

    (Chroma Dent ine)

    Chromatix materials are

    dentine mod if iers and are used to

    control an d individua lise chroma an d

    opa city. Chroma tix ha s a slightly

    higher opacity than the dentines, plus

    a sl ightly higher deg ree of chroma .

    Incisal

    For imitat ing th e na tura l incisal enamel.The d escription s of t he incisa l refer to

    specific sha de s. Incisa l 2 is need ed, f or

    example, to p roduce an overall A2

    shad e w hen using a sta ndard A2

    veneer.

    Incisal Modifier

    Used t o lend a n individual accent

    to specific incisal enamel features.

    Flu Dentine(Fluorescent Dentine)

    This ma terial also b elong s to t he g roup

    of dent ine mod ifiers. Flu Dentine can

    be used to control the brightn ess of

    th e vene er. The m ore Flu Dent ine is

    add ed, the bright er the veneer

    becomes.

    N e w Ge ne rat i on Ce r a m ics

    i

    WIELAND Dental + TechnikGmbH &Co. KG

    75179 Pforzheim, Germany

    N e w Ge ne rat i on Ce r a m ics

    i

    WIELAND Dental + Te chnikGmbH &Co. KG75179 Pforzheim, Germany

    11

    The C olourful W orld of Labels

    Opale IncisalOpale Incisal provides a n at ural

    opa lescence even w ith multiple fir-ings. Opale Incisal can be mixed w ith

    regular incisal mat erial or used o n its

    ow n. Light dynamics are a standa rd

    asset fo r us.

    Opa le Eff ectIn contrast to t he standa rd opale

    incisals, w hich are colou r-keyed, t he

    Opale Effect ma terials are cha racteri-

    sed by linea rly diminishing tra nslucency

    and opalescence. Moreover, analogous

    to the diminishing tra nslucency, th e

    fluorescence of t hese mat erials show sa linea r increa se. This makes the m

    ideal fo r simulta neou sly enha ncing

    and regulat ing the brightness of t he

    veneer in the incisal a rea.

    Shoulder High /

    CorrectionShoulder High : for a esthetic, meta l-

    free ceramic shoulders. Shoulder

    Correction: fo r low -melting correc-

    tions to the ceramic shoulder, e.g.

    af ter glazing.

    Tra nspa Clea r /

    Tra nspa Neu t ra lTran slucencies w ith a w ide variet y of

    characteristics can b e creat ed using

    Tra nspa Clear /Tra nspa Neutr a l. As

    w ell as ad ding a nuance to incisal

    areas, it can b e used to create

    translucent incisal edges.

    REFLEX StainFinal ad justments, fo r example in the

    cervical or occlusal areas, can be

    carried o ut using Stain.

    CorrectionThis mat erial can b e used t o correct

    veneers w hich ha ve already be en built

    up. The low firing t empera ture of

    700 C prevents an y cha ng e in the

    shape or lustre o f th e veneer.

    GlazeThis ma teria l dete rmines the

    surface finish of the ceramic veneer.

    Glaze is ap plied thinly and evenly.

    When G laze is used, t he firing tem per-ature can b e reduced by a bout 10 C.

    Be ca use REFLEX provides a hom oge-

    neous surface finish, g laze f iring is not

    absolutely necessary.

    X Ca rving

    Liquids (mixing Liquid)

    X Carving Liquids are used for making

    up all -type veneering porcelain

    dentines, modifiers and incisals.

    They gua rant ee opt imum modelling

    characteristics and a w ide processing

    range tog ether w ith excellent f iring

    properties. REFLEX ceram ics should

    only be mixed w ith the recommended

    liquids.

    X Ca rving Liquid Retain

    Slow drying liquid. Also used fo r

    mixing shoulder masses.

    X Ca rving Liquid Speed

    Fast d rying w ith minimum shrinkag e.

    X Ca rving Liquid Red, Yellow and Blue

    The individua l ma teria ls a re sha de-

    coded so t hat it is easier to make the

    right selections when building u p the

    layers.

    X Stain Liquid(stain and glaz e liqu id)

    For mixing -type sta ins use X Stain

    Liquid.

    Paste Opaq ue

    Thinn er

    For diluting REFLEX paste opaq ue .

    In order to ensure the best handling,

    firing and bonding properties, only

    this thinner may b e used. Use spa-

    ringly.

    Opaque Liquid

    Optimix (powderopaque mixing liquid)

    Use for mixing REFLEX pow der opa-

    que. In order to ensure the best hand-

    ling, f iring and bonding properties,

    only th is liq uid should be used.

    Sho ulder Liqu id

    Specia l SH /

    Sho ulder Correc-

    t ion Liqu id SC

    Shoulder Liquid Specia l SH should

    only be used for m ixing Shoulder

    High powders.

    Shoulder Correction Liquid SC should

    only be used fo r mixing Shoulder

    Correction pow ders.

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    Substructure read y for th e 1 st op aqu e ba ke

    Prepa ring the

    substructure

    Prepare the substructure according

    to t he manuf acturer s recommen da -

    tions.

    When using WIELAND alloys please

    also o bserve the recommend at ions

    given in the relevant instructions for

    use.

    Plea se no te:Lead-free biocompatible alloys con-

    ta ining zinc (Zn) should be sa ndb la-

    sted and oxidised a nd then af t er the

    oxide firing the y should be pickled

    in a clean, hot ba th o f Wilacid (or

    simila r) for a pprox. 5 minute s.

    12

    Instructions for use

    Preparing the substructure

    Indication

    REFLEX is suita ble fo r venee ring a ll

    precious met a l alloys with a CTE of

    13.8 to 15.110-6K-1 (25500 C).

    We re comm end th e u se of WIELAND

    high-gold alloys, e.g.

    Port a Ge o Ti

    (biocomp at ible ceram ic a lloy) BioPorta G

    (biocomp at ible ceram ic a lloy)

    Por ta P6

    (high-gold ceramic alloy)

    a nd

    AGC electrofo rming g old and a l l

    low -go ld al loys and pallad ium

    alloys.

    Use o f n on -precio us

    meta l al loysPlea se no te t ha t no n-precious meta l

    al loys tend to require more careful

    ha ndling. Plea se refer t o our l ist of

    recommend at ions w hen choosing

    no n-precious met a l alloys or a sk our

    sales representative for advice.

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    Standard build-up

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    Incisal Incisal

    Dentine

    Incisal

    Dentine

    O p aqu e

    Metal substructure

    Metal substructure

    Dentine

    14

    Standard build-up

    step by step

    ShadesOpaqueDentineIncisalOpale In

    cisal

    Sta nda rd build-up sha de chart

    A1

    A2

    A3

    A3.5

    A4

    B1

    B2

    B3

    B4

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    D2

    D3

    D4

    A1

    A2

    A3

    A3.5

    A4

    B1

    B2

    B3

    B4

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    D2

    D3

    D4

    A1

    A2

    A3

    A3.5

    A4

    B1

    B2

    B3

    B4

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    D2

    D3

    D4

    1

    2

    3

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    4

    2

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    4

    2

    3

    4

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    1st Opaq ue ba ke

    After the substructure has been suit-

    ab ly prepared, th e f irst layer of

    opaq ue can be a pplied.

    The o pa q ue is supplied a s a pa ste or

    a pow der. To a pply the opa que , use

    the paste b rush provided or a suit-

    ab le pow der opa q ue a pplicat or. The

    shape a nd f lexibil ity o f t he b rush

    a re designed to suit t he viscosity of

    paste opaque.

    Apply a thin layer of opa q ue evenly(semi-coat ing) to th e coping o r

    bridg e fram ew ork. Please ensure

    tha t t his first layer is not to o t hick.

    If the pa ste opaq ue is applied to o

    thickly, uncontrollable amounts of

    l iq uid can evaporat e during pre-

    heat ing a nd cause bubbles to form.

    Then t he first o pa q ue ba ke is car-

    r ied out. For f ir ing tempera tures

    an d t imes plea se refer to the f iring

    prog rammes given a t the end of

    the se instructions.

    2nd Opaq ue bake

    The second step is to a pply opa q ue

    once mo re. Here to o, i t is importa nt

    for the reasons g iven a bove that the

    opa q ue is not applied t oo thickly.

    Even so, the opa q ue must complete-

    ly cover th e substructure so a s to

    ensure t hat the crow n is uniform in

    colour.

    Plea se no teThe o paq ue should be a pplied e ven-

    ly w ith a n a pplicato r or a brush. The

    consistency should be neither too

    th ick nor too th in . A w ash bake is

    not req uired.

    Avoid excessive riffling a nd do not

    al low t hick layers of o paq ue to coa -

    lesce in the occlusal, ap proxima l or

    ma rgina l area s. Thick layers of

    opa q ue can crack during f ir ing.

    Crowns a f t er the 1st op aqu e ba ke :

    The opa que ha s a smooth and shiny appearance.

    Powder Opaq ue

    For ha nd ling rea sons, REFLEX

    pow der opaq ue must not be mixed

    w ith disti lled w at er.

    REFLEX pow der opaq ue l iquid

    ensures tha t t he ma terial sta ys in

    place during application.

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    Crow ns af ter the build-up of t he den tine layer

    Finished d ent ine /incisal /bu ild-up

    Dentine w ith incisal edg es

    Dent ine /incisa l build-up a ft er the 1 st dent ine bake

    1st Dentine ba ke

    Plea se no teThe na no leucite structure o f

    REFLEX gives the surfa ce an

    extremely high shine a f ter t he

    1st a n d 2nd dent ine bakes.

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    Sta ins and glazing

    After the shape has ag ain been

    trimmed and corrected, REFLEX

    stains and /or gla ze can b e used to

    g ive the crow n its individua l chara c-ter.

    Plea se no tePlea se u se o nly REFLEX sta ins and

    glaze . If o ther products are used

    the re is a risk of uncont rolled stress

    in the ceramic causing the restora-

    tion to fa i l throug h tension or pres-

    sure cracks. Please mix stains and

    glaze only wi th the sta in and glaze

    liq uid supplied. Apply w ith a con-

    ventional staining brush.

    When f iring, fol low the recommen-

    da t ions show n in the ta ble .

    2nd Dentine bake

    After the 1st dent ine b ake, correct the

    shape by grinding w ith a medium

    gra in diam ond bur. During this stag e,

    please ensure ade qua te cooling

    (using w a ter dro ps).

    The n fill in a ny missing a rea s in t he

    shape o f the crown by an a dding a

    further layer of dent ine or incisal

    ma terials. Use the same met hod a s

    described for th e 1 st dent ine bake.

    WarningDo not mix REFLEX ceramic materi-

    a ls tog ether w ith a ny o ther types o f

    ceramic material. REFLEX ha s a

    unique na noleuciteTM structure

    and is not compat ible w ith o ther

    ceramics.

    Plea se no teAvoid a pplying to o m uch pressure

    since t his ca n ca use localised o ver-

    hea ting . As w ith a ll ceramics, exces-

    sive grinding causes micro cracks to

    occur in t he cera mic structure a nd

    can result in failure through flaking,

    cracks or fissures.

    Plea se no te g laz eBy modifying the f iring tem perature

    and holding t ime, the deg ree o f

    glaze can be var ied f rom mat t to ahigh shine to suit individua l req uire-

    ments.

    17

    The corrected build-up rea dy f or t he 2nd dentine bake

    The f inished crow ns af t er the stain /glaze ba ke

    Crowns a f t er the 2nd dent ine bake

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    1

    0

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    12

    13

    18

    23

    29

    34

    36

    38

    39

    37

    35

    40

    45

    51

    56

    57

    62

    67

    73

    78

    84

    85

    86

    87

    88

    89

    90

    79

    80

    81

    82

    83

    74

    75

    76

    77

    68

    70

    7

    172 6

    9

    63

    64

    65

    66

    46

    47

    53

    54

    55

    52

    58

    59

    61

    60

    49

    50

    48

    42

    43

    44

    41

    30

    32

    33

    31

    24

    25

    26

    27

    28

    19

    20

    21

    22

    14

    15

    16

    17

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    REFLEX Stains

    Indication

    REFLEX , IMAG INE h.e . a nd HITEX .

    REFLEX stains are not compatiblew ith ALLUX or ZIROX .

    Firing te mpera ture

    Temperat ure of t he g laze ba keof e a ch individua l ceram ic.

    REFLEX

    Sta in Set:

    16 x Stain 2 g ea ch

    1 x Glaze 2 g

    1 x St a in a n d g la z e liq u id 50 m l

    1 x Measure

    1 x Shad e g uide

    The shade pa lette is a

    log ica l and ea sy to use

    stain mixing system

    It ena bles the d enta l technician to

    reproduce a ll the 75 shad es depic-

    ted o n the pa lett e in a simple an dlogical w ay, using th e eight colours

    show n on the a ngles o f the

    octag on plus w hite and g rey.

    In ad dition to t he colours show n

    on the a ngles, the e ight ad di t ional

    most comm only used colours a re

    sta ndard components o f the s ta in

    set.

    Using t he me a sures include d in

    the set (small an d larg e me asures)

    tog ether w ith the mixing chart

    ensures an exact reproduction of

    the various shades.

    Select the size of the mea sure a ccor-

    ding to t he tot al volume required.

    ImportantDo not chang e the mea sure during

    colour mixing since th ese bea r no

    relationship to one another. Exact

    reproduction of t he required shad e

    is gua rantee d o nly if mea suring is

    exact .The sha de pa let te

    by Angela Helbig

    18

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    Procedure

    Select a sha de on t he shade

    palet te show n on the le f t .

    Note t he number on the colour ta b.

    Find th is numb er in the cha rt

    below.

    Mix the components a ccording t o

    the char t to o bta in the required

    shade nuance.

    Example: Shad e No.18

    1 x small mea sure of Pea ch

    1 x small mea sure of Orang e

    2 x small measures of White

    or . . .

    1 x larg e mea sure of Peach

    1 x large mea sure of Orang e2 x large mea sures of White

    No.on

    theshade palette

    Mixture of

    (p=part(s)

    4647

    48 Caramel

    49

    50

    51

    52

    53

    54

    55

    56

    57

    58

    59 Ocker

    60

    61

    62

    63

    64

    65

    66

    67

    68

    69

    70 Yellow

    71

    72

    7374

    75

    76

    77

    78

    79

    80

    81 Gum

    82

    83

    84

    85

    86 Violett87

    88

    89 Grey

    90 Black

    1 p. Caramel + 1 p. White3 p. Caramel + 1 p. White

    3 p. Caramel + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Caramel + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Caramel + 1 p. Ocker + 2 p. Whit e

    3 p. Caramel + 3 p. Ocker + 2 p. Whit e

    1 p. Caramel + 1 p. Ocker

    3 p. Caramel + 3 p. Ocker + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Caramel + 1 p. Ocker + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Ocker + 3 p. Whit e

    1 p. Ocker + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Ocker + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Ocker + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Ocker + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Ocker + 1 p. Yellow + 2 p. White

    3 p. Ocker + 3 p. Yellow + 2 p. White

    1 p. Ocker + 1 p. Yellow

    3 p. Ocker + 3 p. Yellow + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Ocker + 1 p. Yellow + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Yellow + 3 p. White

    1 p. Yellow + 1 p. White

    3 p. Yellow + 1 p. White

    3 p. Yellow + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Yellow + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Yellow + 1 p. Gum + 2 p. White3 p. Yellow + 3 p. Gum + 2 p. White

    1 p. Yellow + 1 p. Gum

    3 p. Yellow + 3 p. Gum + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Yellow + 1 p. Gum + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Gum + 3 p. White

    1 p. Gum + 1 p. White

    3 p. Gum + 1 p. White

    3 p. Gum + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Gum + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Gum + 1 p. Blue + 2 p. White

    3 p. Gum + 3 p. Blue + 2 p. White

    1 p. Gum + 1 p. Blue3 p. Gum + 3 p. Blue + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Gum + 1 p. Blue + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Black + 1 p. White

    No.on

    the shadepalette

    Mixture of

    (p=part(s)

    Colour mixing cha rt

    0 White1

    2

    3

    4 Blue

    5 Stee l

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14 Melon

    15 Peach

    16

    17

    18

    19

    20

    21

    22

    23

    24

    25

    26 Orange

    2728 Olive

    29

    30

    31

    32

    33

    34

    35

    36

    37 Marone

    38

    39

    4041

    42

    43

    44

    45 Ivory

    1 p. Blue + 3 p. Whit e

    1 p. Blue + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Blue + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Blue + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Blue + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Blue + 1 p. Peach + 2 p. Whit e

    3 p. Blue + 3 p. Peach + 2 p. Whit e

    1 p. Blue + 1 p. Peach

    3 p. Blue + 3 p. Peach + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Blue + 1 p. Peach + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Peach + 3 p. White

    1 p. Peach + 1 p. White

    3 p. Peach + 1 p. White

    3 p. Peach + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Peach + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Peach + 1 p. Orange + 2 p. Whit e

    3 p. Peach + 3 p. Orange + 2 p. Whit e

    1 p. Peach + 1 p. Orange

    3 p. Peach + 3 p. Orange + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Peach + 1 p. Orange + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Orange + 3 p. Whit e

    1 p. Orange + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Orange + 1 p. Whit e

    3 p. Orange + 1 p. Grey1 p. Orange + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Orange + 1 p. Marone + 2 p. Whit e

    3 p. Orange + 3 p. Marone + 2 p. Whit e

    1 p. Orange + 1 p. Marone

    3 p. Orange + 3 p. Marone + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Orange + 1 p. Marone + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Marone + 3 p. White

    1 p. Marone + 1 p. White

    3 p. Marone + 1 p. White

    3 p. Marone + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Marone + 1 p. Grey

    1 p. Marone + 1 p. Caramel + 2 p. Whit e3 p. Marone + 3 p. Caramel + 2 p. Whit e

    1 p. Marone + 1 p. Caramel

    3 p. Marone + 3 p. Caramel + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Marone + 1 p. Caramel + 2 p. Grey

    1 p. Caramel + 3 p. Whit e

    19

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    Professional build-up

    20

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    Prof essiona l bu ild-up

    In ad di t ion to the s tanda rd three-

    layer te chnique, it is also p ossible to

    produce an a dvanced, professional

    build-up. The f ollow ing ma te ria ls

    are a vai lab le for this purpose:

    Chromatix

    Flu Dentine

    Dentine Mod if ier

    Opale Incisal

    Opale Effect

    Incisal

    Incisal Modifier

    Tran spa Neut ra l

    Tra nspa Clea r

    Stain

    These mo difiers can b e mixed

    tog ether in any wa y you like.

    The m ost po pular uses of t hese

    mater ia ls are shown in the w ater-

    colour illustrat ion on pa g e 25.

    REFLEX Professiona l by

    Christia n Ferrari

    Nature knows no bounds when it comes to

    the interplay of light, form and colour.

    Time and time again, nature surprises us

    with the perfection and harmony of crea-

    tion. We are faced with the difficult task

    of imitating this vibrant world with our

    limited technical means. In order to do

    justice to this task I need materials

    which do not restrict my creativity but

    give me the freedom to imitate nature.

    With conventional materials we were able

    to influence three properties of the

    ceramic layers: chroma, brightness and

    transparency.

    With REFLEX I have a further dimension

    at my fingertips: depth of colour through

    contrast. By using the Chromatix denti-

    ne materials I can control contrasts and

    achieve unique depth of colour which

    enables me to imitate the actual play of

    light found in natural dentition.

    To achieve this goal I build up the restora-

    tion as follows:

    After the opaque bakes I apply

    Chromatix Dentin onto the whole sub-

    structure, keeping the final shape in mind

    and characterising certain areas of the

    dentine core st ill further by using effect

    materials (dentine modifiers and opal

    materials). Then I fire the dentine materi-

    als, which I reduce a lit tle in order to make

    space for the materials that follow.

    Crow ns prepa red w ith professiona l build-up

    Professional build-up

    step by step

    At this stage a variety of different

    dentine modifiers and opal materials

    can be applied in order to obtain the

    desired effects in the mamelon area.

    In the incisal area I use Flu Dentin in the

    areas on which light is to be reflected (on

    the mamelons).

    It is important that the light is absorbed

    between the mamelons as in natural

    teeth. The next step is to define the

    external contour of the tooth with Incisal

    Aquamarin, if required. Then I apply alter-

    nate layers of Incisal and Opale materials

    and build up the final shape with Transpa

    materials. If necessary, the first firing

    can be complemented by a correction

    firing with Transpa materials. REFLEX

    enables me to achieve excellent results in

    my laboratory, even with the most

    demanding of cases.

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    The Chro ma tix layer (controlling the chroma)

    REFLEX C hrom a D entine m aterials

    Applications

    Chromatix mat erials are dentine

    mod if iers used to control and indi-

    vidualise chroma and opacity.

    By increa sing opa city t he met al

    framew ork can b e more ef fectively

    concea led w hilst simulta neo usly

    intensifying the chroma (depth ofshad e), even w ith rela tively thin

    layers of cera mic.

    Chromatix can be mixed w ith nor-

    mal dentine to mo dify chroma a nd

    opa city. Alterna tively, it ma y, if the

    case requires, be used on its ow n.

    Plea se no teAlwa ys use Chroma tix in conjunc-

    tion w ith our X ca rving liq uid. Only

    then a re you assured of ma ximum

    bright ness, t ranslucency a nd ideal

    han dling properties.

    Firing Tem pe ra ture

    For firing prog ramm es plea se fol-

    low t he recommen da tions set out

    in the f ir ing ta bles for the 1st a nd

    2nd dent ine bakes on pa ge 40. You

    w ill f ind the f iring tem peratures

    and t imes a t the end o f these

    instructions.

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    The REFLEX Expert Set

    (Professional Set)

    REFLEX Expert Set

    Label

    description

    Shade

    Incisal Modifier

    Incisa l To pa s

    Incisal Anthra zi t

    Incisal Ameth ist

    Incisa l Aq ua ma rin

    Incisa l Citrin

    Incisal Rubin

    Incisal Lemon

    Incisal Me lon

    in ten se o r an g e

    in ten se g r ey

    greyish-violet

    in tense blue

    intense yellow

    reddish

    yel low ish

    o r a n g e

    Applications

    The Expert Set of f ers you e ven

    mo re scope to individua lise the

    fea tures o f your restorat ions .

    In ad dition to the Blea ch an d Gum

    ma terials, you ha ve 8 Incisal

    Mod ifiers a nd 4 Opa le Effect

    pow ders to choose from. Incisa l Modifiers and Opa le Effe ct

    pow ders are not colour-keyed and

    may b e used on their ow n or mixed

    w ith other mat erials.

    They a re used t o ind ividua lly

    enhance internal enamel and

    opa lescence cha racte ristics.

    Special characteristics of

    Opale Effect po w ders

    In contrast to th e sta nda rd Opale

    Incisals, w hich are colou r-keyed ,

    the Opale Effect ma terials are

    chara cterised by linea rly d iminis-

    hing translucency and opalescence.

    Moreover, ana logous to the

    diminishing tra nslucency, t he

    f luorescence o f these m at erials

    show s a linea r increase.

    This makes the m idea l for simulta -

    neously enhan cing a nd regulat ing

    the b right ness of t he veneer in the

    incisa l area .

    Exam ple 1:

    Opa le Effe ct Frosty ha s the highe st

    translucency a nd opa lescence a nd

    the lowe st f luorescence.

    Exam ple 2:

    Opale Ef fec t Snow h as the low est

    t ranslucency and opa lescence a nd

    the highest f luorescence.

    Sha de g uide

    The individua l colour shad es a ndtranslucency are show n on t he enc-

    losed sha de g uide . Like a ll REFLEX

    shade guides this has colour samples

    in the o rigina l ceram ic, w hich

    ena bles you to ma ke an exact colour

    identi f ication o f t he individual

    pow ders in a w ide variety of

    lig hting condition s (incident lig ht

    an d tran smitted l ight ).

    Opale Frosty Opale Milky

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    Flu Dentine

    Chromatix

    Opa le /Tra nspa

    Dentine

    O p aqu e

    Bright

    Flamingo

    Straw

    Sunny

    Ivory

    Corn

    M a n g o

    Mocca

    CaramelKhaki

    Yellow

    Brown

    Incisa l To pa s = in t e n se o r a n g e

    Incisal Anthrazit = i n ten se g r ey

    Incisal Amet hyst = greyish-violet

    Incisal Aqua ma rin = i n ten se b l ue

    Incisa l Citrin = in tense yel low ish

    A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 D2

    A2 A3 D3

    A3.5 A4 B3 B4 C3 C4

    B2 B3 B4 C2 D4

    A1 B1 B2

    B3 B4

    B4

    A2 A3 C1 D2

    A3.5 A4 B4 D3C2 C3 C4 D4

    For a ll ot her colours, to increa se the level

    of brightne ss

    Specially for application in the cervical region

    Specially for application in the cervical region

    For a ll colours individually, w ithout a ny

    specific colour combination For a ll colours individually, w ithout a ny

    specific colour combination

    Fluorescent m od ifiers w ith ma rked fluorescen-

    ce. They inte nsify t he luminosity of th e vene er.

    Short-w a ve light in the invisible ran g e is a bsor-

    bed a nd long -w a ve light in the visible rang e is

    emitted.

    Flu Den tine (Fluorescent Dent ine)

    Dentine Modifier

    Incisa l (Incisa l Mo d ifie r) /Tra nspa (Tra nsp a m a t eria l)

    Modif ier

    Dentine Mod if ier

    Tra nspa /

    Incisal Aqua ma rin

    Opale Incisal

    Opale

    C olour chart

    Incisal Rubin = reddish

    Incisal Lemon = yellow ish

    Incisal Me lon = o r a n g e

    Tran spa Neut ra l = t r ansparent

    Transpa Clear = extremely transp.

    All Tra nspa Incisa l modifiers

    can b e used individua lly

    w ith all colours w ithout a ny

    specific comb inat ion

    Opale Effect Frosty = see pag e 24

    Opa le Effe ct Milky = see pag e 24

    Opale Effect Snow = see pag e 24

    Opale Effect Ice = see pag e 24

    Opale Effect With Opa le Effe ct Milky and Sno w th e level of b rig htn ess in

    the incisa l pow de rs can a lso b e cont rolled. All Opale Incisals

    can b e used fo r the a ll V shad es if th e specific combina tions

    are o bserved.

    25

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    Initial clinical situation

    Framew ork copings af t er the 2nd op aqu e ba ke

    Build-up w ith Chroma tix (controlling the chroma)

    Basic layering

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    27/4427

    Internalcharacteristics

    Build-up of the Dentine a nd Opale Mod if ier

    Overlaying w ith Dentine

    Reduction of the Den tine

    Applicat ion o f Flu De ntine

    Modif ier Mango Opale Milky

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    28/4428

    Build-up w ith the correspon ding o pa le incisal

    (Opa le incisa l 3)

    Application of Flu dentine to adjust brightness

    Enha ncing the incisa l con to ur w ith Incisal Aq ua ma rin

    Build-up w ith Opa le Incisa l an d Tra nspa Clea r (1:1)

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    Anat omical shape of the build-up completed

    w ith Transpa Neutral

    Shape corrected w ith Transpa Clea r and Opa le Incisal

    The finished w ork aft er glaz ing

    Crowns a f t er the 1st dent ine bake

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    REFLEX Shoulder M aterials

    Firing te mpera ture

    The 7 REFLEX Shoulder High (high

    fusing) mat erials are ba ked at a

    f iring tempe rature of 930 C w ith a

    holding t ime of 1 minute befo re

    the f irst d entine ba ke.

    The 7 REFLEX Shoulder Correction

    mat erials are ba ked at a f iringtemperature o f 720 C w ith a

    holding t ime of 1 minute afterthe g laze bake.

    Applications

    The Shoulder Correction ma te ria ls

    are not only suita ble for the fa bri-

    cation a nd correction of ceramic

    shoulders af ter the g laze ba ke.

    Because of their low f iring tem pe-

    rature they can a lso be used fo r al l

    ot her corrections such as ma king

    minor corrections to t he shape ora dd ing conta ct points. This mea ns

    tha t Shoulder Correction can b e

    used to make corrections even

    af ter soldering in a f urnace.

    Shoulder Hig h Flu /Shoulder

    Correction Flu ma te ria ls can b e

    used t o conceal da rk area s such as

    discoloured t oot h en ame l or disco-

    lorat ion a t the edg es o f crowns, to

    improve brightness and enha nce

    translucency.

    Shoulder High Red /ShoulderCorrection Red ma terials ca n be

    used to q uickly and ea sily mod ify

    the transit ion betw een the prepa-

    red stump, t he ceramic sho ulder

    and the gingiva.

    Sho ulder High a nd

    Sho ulder Co rrect ion

    sha re these fea tures

    Minima l shrinka ge during firing

    High form stab ili ty even af t er

    repeat ed dent ine and g laze ba kes

    Excellent ma rgina l fit

    Perfect colour matching

    Simple con trol o f tra nslucency,

    fluorescence and reflection

    Carving liquids REFLEX SH special should er liquid

    must only be used w ith Shoulder

    High mat erial .

    This carving liquid plasticizes

    the shoulder porcelain a nd

    ensures the g reat est sta bility an d

    relia bility. This ma kes it very ea sy

    to lift t he porcelain shoulder from

    the model.

    Use REFLEX SC Shoulder Co rrection

    Liqu id with Sho ulder Correction

    porcelain.

    SH special shoulder liquid must notbe used w ith Sho ulder Correction

    porcelain, as there is no gua rante e

    tha t f iring w ill remove t he l iq uid

    reliably an d w ithout trace.

    IsoPen

    The WIELAND IsoPe n is ap plied t o

    the prepa red plaster die.

    Prepared substructure

    Well prepa red d ie

    Preparation

    To o bta in meta l-f ree crow n edg es

    th e diem u st be p r epar ed w ith as tep or pronounced chamfer .

    Designing the

    substructure

    In preparat ion for the a t t achment

    of the ceramic shou lder, (lab ial or

    circular), the outer edges of the sub-

    structure a re reduced t o t he inner

    rim of the previously prepa red step

    or cham fer. The me ta l edg e resul-

    ting f rom this reduction must then

    be smooth ed out into a t hin layer.

    Finally cond ition t he substructure in

    the usual wa y and a pply the opaq ue.

    Do not use diamond burs. Diamondparticles can become deposited inthe alloy and cause bubbles whenthe ceramic is fired.

    30

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

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    Insulat ing the die w ith

    the IsoPen

    First Sho ulder Hig h

    layer

    Depending on t he too th colour to

    be o bta ined make up Shoulder

    Hig h po rcelain w ith SH Specia l

    Liquid a nd apply in th e cervical

    region. After modelling and smoo-

    thing the ceramic shoulder, dry the

    shoulder margin carefully w ith a

    ha nd-held dryer until a unifo rm

    w hite colour is obta ined. The

    coping can t hen be removed and

    fired. Using a drier and SH Special

    Shoulder Liquid ensures grea ter

    strength and more reliable hand-

    ling.

    Shoulder powder

    af ter first b ake

    Applicat ion o f

    shoulder powder

    Prepa ring the die

    Before crea ting t he ceramic shoulder the

    die must b e tho roughly insulat ed using the

    WIELAND IsoPe n .

    Secon d Shou lder High

    layer

    After firing, check the marginal fit.Correct any chang es caused by sinte-

    ring. Insulat e t he d ie once more.

    Prepa re and ma ke up the Shoulder

    High pow der a s for the f irst layer.

    Next smooth out any un evenness

    f i ll ing the Shoulder pow der into th e

    ga p creat ed d uring the f irst f iring,

    ensuring t hat the ceram ic shoulder

    is a g oo d fit. Finish off t he shoulder

    and dry. Carefully remove the sub-

    structure w ith the shoulder pow der

    applied f rom the d ie and posit ion i t

    on t he firing t ray. To a void ba king

    on care must be ta ken to ensuretha t t he ceramic shoulder does not

    come into cont act w ith the tray.

    If ne cessary, the shoulder must b e

    f i t ted onto the model ag ain a f ter

    the correction f iring. The f inal stag e

    is to completely veneer the shoulder

    w ith REFLEX .

    Ceramic shoulder inside view

    Correction layer rea dy f or

    second ba ke

    Shoulder af ter second ba ke

    31

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    Firing program m es

    shoulder pow ders

    Prehe

    ating

    Tempe

    rature

    (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Holdi

    ngTime

    (min:

    sec)General Firing

    Programme Vacuum

    (%)

    Exten

    ded

    Cooli

    ng

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    575

    450

    3:0-4:0

    3:0-4:0

    75

    75

    930

    720

    1:00

    1:00

    100

    100

    Austromat

    3001Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    C575 T60 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C930 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C450 T60 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C720 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    START

    (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Vac.L

    evel

    Austromat M END(

    C)

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    575

    450

    1:00

    1:00

    2

    2

    1

    1

    9

    9

    75

    75

    930

    720

    1:00

    1:00

    0

    0

    0

    0

    A1

    A2A3

    A3.5

    A4

    B1

    B2

    B3

    B4

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    D2

    D3

    D4

    SM 1 + SM Flu /1:1

    SM 1SM 1

    SM 2 + SM 3 /1:1

    SM 3 + SM 4 /1:1

    SM 1 + SM Flu /1:1

    SM 2 + SM Flu /1:1

    SM 2

    SM 2 + SM 4 /1:1

    SM 4 + SM Flu /1:1

    SM 4 + SM Flu /1:1

    SM 4

    SM 4

    SM 1 + SM 4 /1:1

    SM 1 + SM 4 /1:1

    SM 2 + SM 4 /1:1

    Colour ta ble

    REFLEX sho uld er po w der SH SH 1 SH 2 SH 3 SH 4 SH Red SH Flu

    REFLEX sho uld er po w der SC SC 1 SC 2 SC 3 SC 4 SC Red SC Flu

    Shou

    lderm

    ixture

    Shad

    es

    The a esth et ic fina l result

    32

    (C

    /min)

    2 1

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

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    Prehe

    ating

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    Time (

    min:s

    ec)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    2:00

    2:00

    575

    450

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    2:00

    2:00

    930

    720

    75

    75

    100

    100

    Multima t MC II

    Multimat C

    Mach 2 Firin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Vacuum

    (%)

    Prehe

    ating

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    Time (

    min:s

    ec)

    Vacuum

    (%)Multimat

    To uch & Press Heatin

    gRate

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Firing

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    2:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    930

    720

    75

    75

    100

    100

    1:00

    1:00

    2:00

    2:00

    575

    450

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Stand

    -by

    Temp

    erature (

    C)

    Heati

    ngRate

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Tempe-

    rature

    (C)

    Closin

    gTime

    (min:

    sec)Programat

    P90/P95 Hold

    ingTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    VacuumON

    (C)

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    500

    300

    75

    75

    930

    720

    4:00

    4:00

    1:00

    1:00

    600

    450

    VacuumOF

    F(C)

    929

    719

    T(C) B(

    C)S(

    min:s

    ec)

    T(C)

    Ivoclar Viva de nt

    P80/P100/PX1 H(m

    in)

    V1(C

    )

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC 930720 403403 4:004:00 8080 1:001:00 450450

    V2(C

    )

    929719

    Stand

    -by

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    FinalTe

    mpera

    ture

    (C)

    Predry

    ingTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Heat-

    upTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Vacumat

    200 /250 /300 Hold

    ingTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    575

    450

    930

    720

    4:00

    4:00

    6:00

    6:00

    1:00

    1:00

    6:00

    6:00

    Predry

    ing(C

    )

    (min:

    sec)

    Closin

    g(mi

    n:sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    (C)

    (min:

    sec)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te (C

    /min)

    Vacuum

    Vacuum

    ON(

    C)

    Vacuum

    OFF

    (C)

    FinalTem

    perat

    ure(C)

    Holdi

    ngV(m

    in:sec

    )

    Holdi

    ng(m

    in:sec

    )

    Cooli

    ng(m

    in:sec

    )

    Cergo Press /

    Compakt0:00

    0:00

    1:00

    1:00

    0:00

    0:00

    930

    720

    930

    720

    575

    450

    On

    On

    75

    75

    1:00

    1:00

    575

    450

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    135

    135

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    WarningFiring te mperatures are g iven fo r guidan ce only. Variations may o ccur depending on the furnace used an d t he t empera-tures may need t o b e a djusted accordingly. For larger cases the d rying a nd f inal cooling t imes should be extend ed a snecessary.In the case of large -span bridgew ork rel ief cooling (opening the furnace do or slow ly) may be necessary to avoid t hermaltension. With large-span bridg e f ramew orks the ge omet ry (e.g. w ith solid pont ics) may necessita te increasing the endtempera tures of t he f irst a nd second dent ine bake by a pprox. 10 C.

    33

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    34/44

    The fina l result in situ: fun ctiona l, bio-compa tible

    and mod elled to individua l aesthetic req uirements.

    34

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

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  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    36/44

    Veneering w ith gum de ntine

    REFLEX G um D entines

    Procedure a nd firing

    temperature

    Gum ma terials can be used on

    their ow n or mixed with one

    a no th er. This gives rise t o a

    virtually unlimited range of

    possible g ingival colours.

    For information on preparationand f iring please refer to t he

    recommendations for dentines in

    the instructions sta rting on pa ge 16.

    Applications

    With t heir variety of colours (5 dif-

    ferently sha ded pow ders), the

    Gum Dentines may be used to

    accurat ely reproduce th e exact

    colour of th e ging iva.

    Part icularly in th e case of ceramic

    veneers over an implanted super-structure, it is essential t o ensure

    a na to mica lly correct results w hen

    repairing a brad ed sof t t issue surfa -

    ces. But extractions or periodo nta l

    procedures can also lead to sof t

    t issue d efects af t er the hea ling

    process is complete.

    In the interests of b oth ae sthet ics

    and periodo nta l hygiene, these

    defe cts must alwa ys be repaired by

    the dent al technician using suita -

    ble ceramic mat erials.

    With their wide rang e of colours

    and excellent ha ndling properties,

    the Gum Den tines fa cil ita te a n

    ana to mically exact a nd colour-ma t-

    ched reconstruction o f t he g ingiva

    to m ee t th e d em an ds o f bo th

    pat ient and d enta l practit ioner.

    36

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    37/44

    REFLEX Bleach M aterials

    More a nd mo re pat ients

    wish for perfect, bright,

    w hite tee th .

    With na tura l teeth , this is a chieved

    throug h so-cal led bleaching (blea-

    ching o f t he na tural tooth ena mel).

    In o rder fo r cera mic veneers to b lend

    ha rmoniously, they must also be asa esthet ica lly perfect a s possible.

    In th e pa st the b uild-up proced ure

    for bleach ceramics w as: White

    Opa q ue White Den tine Bright

    Incisa l or Tra nspa .

    How ever, th is build-up t echnique

    ha s sign ificant dra w ba cks, especia lly

    w hen compared to a l ready blea-

    ched nat ural dent i t ion, because

    the bleaching process starts from

    the too th enamel and proceeds

    inw ards and a l though t he enamel is

    t reated, t he na tural dent ine e i therremains una ffected b y the procedure

    or is aff ected t o a much lesser deg ree.

    According ly, the to ot h colour is

    composed of a vir tual ly una ltered

    dent ine colour and a considerab ly

    bright ened surface.

    We already took this into considera-

    tion w hen de veloping our proven

    Crysta l Blea ch Shad es.

    With th is new colour and build-up

    concept, t he d enta l technician isnow ab le to a chieve beaut i fully

    a esthet ic results, wh eth er in resto ra-

    tions w ith existing bleached

    nat ural denti t ion or in the f ab ricati-

    on o f complete resto rations.

    Exam pleC olour chart

    Opaqu

    eWhit

    e

    (pure

    white

    )

    Opaqu

    eA1

    (redd

    ish,b

    rown)

    Opaq ue /Dentine

    combinations Opaqu

    eB1

    (redd

    ish,ye

    llow)

    Crystal Dentine Light(lowe st chroma )

    Crystal Dentine Pearl(medium chroma)

    Crystal Dentine Creme(highest chroma)

    Brightest shade

    o f w h ite

    Medium shad e

    of w hite

    Most chromatic

    shade o f w hite

    Brightest

    A shad e

    Medium

    A shad e

    Most chromat ic

    A shad e

    Brightest

    B shad e

    Medium

    B shad e

    Most chromatic

    B shad e

    Crysta l Flu Dentine ma y be used individua lly as a mo difier.

    37

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    38/44

    Opale Effect Frosty a n d Ice m ay beused individua lly. The y ha ve a

    distinct o palescent e f fect a nd a re

    for particularuse at t he incisaledge a n d a t th e side o f th e too th .

    Incisal Modifier:Crystal Opale Incisal Blue m ay beused a s a stand ard incisal or also a s

    a mo dif ier whe re indicat ed. It ha s

    a w hitish b lue opa lescence, similar

    to th a t o f you n g t ee th .

    Incisal Aquamarin is used as a

    mod ifier for bluish incisal area s. Transpa Materials:

    There a re tw o m at erials avai lab le

    w ith varying deg rees of t ranslu-

    cency.

    Transpa Clear, w hich is very tra ns-lucent (like glass) and TranspaNeutral, w hich is somew ha t lesstra nslucent. Transpa Neut ral can

    also be used to a djust th e colour

    intensity of t he ceramic. It must b e

    not ed tha t w hile the tran slucency

    increases according to the a mount

    of Transpa Neutral mixed in, th ecolour inten sity (chroma ) is redu-

    ced a t the same t ime.

    Shoulder Powder:A white shoulder pow der, CrystalShoulder High, is a vailable. If a d if-ferent colour is required for the

    should er, the comp a tib le REFLEX

    shoulder pow ders may be used

    Crystal Shoulder Correctionpow der is suitable fo r creating

    and correcting ceramic shoulders

    af t er g laz ing .

    Description of

    cera mic mat eria ls

    The Opaque Modifier White paste,Opaque A1 paste a n d Opaque B1pastemay be combined w ith a llthree de ntines.

    The Dentines:Crystal Dentine Light is the brigh-test wi th the lowest chroma a nd

    tends towa rds the w hite range.

    Crystal Dentine Pearl has a some-w hat h igher chroma content than

    Crystal Dent ine Light a nd is to be

    cla ssified in the reddish, brow n

    range (A colours).

    Crystal Dentine Crme has thehighest chroma content an d is in

    the reddish , yellow range

    (B colou rs).

    Crystal Flu Dentine(Bleach Fluorescence Dentine):

    Compared w ith the o ther dent ine

    types, this has the highe st b right -

    ness value and the strong est

    fluorescence.

    May b e mixed into th e correspon-

    ding Crysta l Dentine (Light , Pea rl

    or Crme ) or used a s a m od ifier

    to a chieve the desired levels of

    f luorescence a nd bright ness, fo r

    insta nce a round the cervical mar-

    g i n o f a t oo th .Crystal Flue Dent ine ma y be used

    individua lly a s a m od ifier.

    Incisals:The se a re e xclusively Opal Effectmaterials.

    Opale Effect Frosty, Ice, Milky a ndSnow are grad ed a ccording totheir translucency and opalescen-

    ce. Frosty is the mo st tra nslucent

    incisa l w ith a very distinct o pa les-

    cent eff ect, fo llow ed b y Ice, Milky

    and Snow , w ith Opale Effect Snow

    having the least a mount o f t r ans-lucency. Opale Effect Milky a ndSnow may be used a s sta ndardincisals witho ut b eing a l locate d

    to a ny pa rticular incisa l.

    38

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

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    3-D build-up concept

    Example 1

    Materials Used:

    I-Snow

    I-Blue

    I-Milky

    O-Whit e O-B1 O-A1

    Brightness

    Colour Shade

    Chroma

    D-Creme

    D-Pearl

    D-Lig ht

    +

    +

    Opaque White

    Crystal Dentine Light

    Incisal Snow

    Bleach Snow White(pure w hite)

    Opaque A1

    Crystal Dentine Crme

    Incisal Milky

    Bleach tooth colourrange A shades(redd ish, wh ite)

    Brightest bleach

    variant w ith the

    lowe st chroma

    Darkest bleach

    var ian t w ith th e

    highest chroma

    Result: Build-up technique variant

    Example 2

    39

    Opaque:Con trols th e colour sha de.

    Dentine:Con trols th e chroma .

    Incisal (Opale Effect):Con trols the b rig ht ness.

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    40/4440

    Prehe

    ating

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Holdi

    ngTime

    (min:

    sec)

    General Firing

    Programme Vacuum(%

    )Ex

    tende

    d

    Cooli

    ng

    START

    (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e(mi

    n:sec)

    Vac.L

    evel

    Austromat M END(

    C)(m

    in:sec

    )

    Austromat

    3001

    Firing Program m es for REFLEX

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    450575

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    3:0-4:0

    6:0-7:0

    4:0-5:0

    3:00

    3:0-4:03:0-4:0

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    880

    720700

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:0-2:0

    1:001:00

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100100

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SHDent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575575

    575

    575

    450

    575

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    1:002:00

    2:00

    0:00

    1:00

    1:00

    2

    2

    2

    2

    23

    2

    2

    2

    2

    1

    1

    1

    1

    12

    1

    1

    1

    1

    9

    9

    9

    9

    99

    9

    0

    9

    9

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    75

    75

    75

    75

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930900

    890

    880

    720

    700

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:002:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    0

    0

    0

    0

    00

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    00

    0

    0

    0

    0

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    C575 T180 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C930 V0 T180 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T180 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C920 V0 T120 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T180 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C930 V0 T180 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T180 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C920 V0 T120 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T60 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C930 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T120 T180 L9 T120 V9 T075 C900 V0 T120 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T120 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C890 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T120 L9 T60 T075 C880 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C450 T60 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C720 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    C575 T60 T120 L9 T60 V9 T075 C700 V0 T60 C0 L0 T2 C575

    (C

    /min)

    2

    1

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    41/4441

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Closin

    g(m

    in:sec

    )

    Prehe

    ating

    Tempe

    rature

    (C)

    (min:

    sec)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Holdi

    ngTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Vac.(

    idle/l

    evel/hold

    )

    (C)

    (%)

    Austrom a t D4

    Stand

    -by

    Tempe

    rature

    (C)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Closin

    g(m

    in:sec

    )

    Holdi

    ngTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Programat

    P90 /P95 Vacu

    umON

    (C)

    Vacuum

    OFF(

    C)

    Predry

    ing(C

    )

    (min:

    sec)

    Closin

    g(mi

    n:sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    (C)

    (min:

    sec)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te (C

    /min)

    Vacuum

    Vacuum

    ON(

    C)

    Vacuum

    OFF

    (C)

    FinalTe

    mpera

    ture (

    C)

    Holdi

    ngV(m

    in:sec

    )

    Holdi

    ng(m

    in:sec

    )

    Temp

    ern(m

    in:sec

    )

    Temp

    ern(C

    )

    Cooli

    ng(m

    in:sec

    )

    Cergo Press /

    Compakt

    WarningFiring te mperatures are g iven fo r guidan ce only. Variations may o ccur depending on the furnace used an d t he t empera-

    tures may need t o b e a djusted accordingly. For larger cases the d rying a nd f inal cooling t imes should be extend ed a snecessary.

    In the case of large -span bridgew ork rel ief cooling (opening the furnace do or slow ly) may be necessary to avoid t hermal

    tension. With large-span bridg e f ramew orks the ge omet ry (e.g. w ith solid pont ics) may necessita te increasing the end

    tempera tures of t he f irst a nd second dent ine bake by a pprox. 10 C.

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100100

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    720700

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:001:00

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    880

    720700

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:001:00

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575575

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:002:00

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    1:00

    2:00

    2:00

    0:00

    1:00

    1:00

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Firing

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    500

    500

    500

    500

    500

    500

    500500

    300

    500

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    75

    75

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890880

    720

    700

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    4:00

    6:0-7:0

    5:0-6:03:0-4:0

    4:00

    4:00

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:001:0-2:0

    1:00

    1:00

    600

    600

    600

    600

    600

    600

    600no

    vacuum

    450

    550

    929

    919

    929

    919

    929

    899

    889no

    vacuum

    719

    699

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    0:00

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    880

    720

    700

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    720

    700

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    450

    575

    On

    On

    On

    On

    On

    On

    On

    Of f

    On

    On

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    2:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    450

    575

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    3:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    135

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    42/4442

    Prehe

    ating

    Tempe

    rature

    (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    Time(

    min:s

    ec)

    Vacuum

    (%)Multimat

    To uch & Press Heatin

    gRate

    (C/m

    in)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Firing

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Stand

    -by

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    FinalTe

    mpera

    ture

    (C)

    Predry

    ingTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Heat-

    upTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Vacumat

    200 /250 /300 Hold

    ingTime

    (min:

    sec)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    Temp

    eratur

    e (C)

    Dryin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Prehe

    ating

    Time(

    min:s

    ec)

    Vacuum

    Time

    (min:

    sec)

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze FiringShoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    5:00

    5:00

    4:00

    4:00

    2:00

    4:00

    3:00

    2:002:00

    2:00

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575450

    575

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    2:00

    2:00

    1:001:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    0:001:00

    1:00

    4:00

    3:00

    4:00

    3:00

    2:00

    3:00

    2:00

    1:0-2:02:00

    2:00

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    880720

    700

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    75

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100

    Multima t MC II

    Multimat C

    Mach 2 Firin

    gTim

    e

    (min:

    sec)

    Firing

    Temp

    e-

    rature

    (C)

    Heati

    ngRa

    te

    (C/m

    in)

    Vacuum

    (%)

    4:00

    3:00

    4:00

    3:00

    2:003:00

    2:00

    1:0-2:0

    2:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:001:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    930

    920

    930

    920

    930900

    890

    880

    720

    700

    75

    75

    75

    75

    7575

    75

    75

    75

    75

    100

    100

    100

    100

    100100

    100

    100

    100

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:002:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    5:00

    5:00

    4:00

    4:00

    2:004:00

    4:00

    2:00

    2:00

    2:00

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575575

    575

    575

    450

    575

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2

    Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SHDent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    P a st e O pa q u e 1

    Paste Opaq ue 2Powder Opaq ue 1

    Powder Opaq ue 2

    Shoulder Pow der SH

    Dent ine Firing 1

    Dent ine Firing 2

    Gla ze Firing

    Shoulder Pow der SC

    Correction Pow der

    450

    450575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    575

    450

    575

    930

    920930

    920

    930

    900

    890

    880

    720

    700

    6:00

    6:005:00

    5:00

    4:00

    7:00

    5:00

    4:00

    4:00

    4:00

    6:00

    6:006:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    3:00

    6:00

    3:00

    3:00

    2:003:00

    2:00

    1:00

    2:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    1:00

    6:00

    6:006:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    6:00

    0:00

    6:00

    3:00

    WarningFiring te mperatures are g iven fo r guidan ce only. Variations may o ccur depending on the furnace used an d t he t empera-

    tures may need t o b e a djusted accordingly. For larger cases the d rying a nd f inal cooling t imes should be extend ed a snecessary.

    In the case of large -span bridgew ork rel ief cooling (opening the furnace do or slow ly) may be necessary to avoid t hermal

    tension. With large-span bridg e f ramew orks the ge omet ry (e.g. w ith solid pont ics) may necessita te increasing the end

    tempera tures of t he f irst a nd second dent ine bake by a pprox. 10 C.

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

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    Troubleshooting

    The colour is to o l ight a nd /or th e

    ceram ic i s opa q ue a nd po rous.

    The ceramic surfa ce is not smoot h

    or is to o roug h.

    The ce ram ic surfa ce is no t shiny

    enough .

    The ed ge s and contours become

    rounded.

    Fla king /cra cking

    Compression cra cking: ho rizon ta l

    cra cks in t he incisa l area or o n

    pontics.

    Tension cracking: f ine, no n-directio-

    na l cracks over the w hole surfa ce ofthe veneer.

    The prehea ting t empe rat ure is

    too high . The firing te mpera ture is to o low .

    The va cuum pump star ts to o la te .

    The va cuum level rea ched is

    too low .

    The end temperature is too low and /

    or the ho lding t ime is too short .

    The end temperature is too low and /

    or the ho lding t ime is too short .

    The end tempera ture is too high.

    Sharp an gles an d edg es in the

    substructure.

    Incorrect substructure design.

    Venee ring ceramic underfired.

    CTE of t he a lloy is too high.

    CTE of t he a lloy is too low.

    Fa ult Ca use Remed y

    Reduce the preheating t emperature.

    Increa se the f iring tempera ture.

    Reduce prehea ting tem perature

    an d/or va cuum sta rt t emperat ure.

    Check that the vacuum pump and

    furnace seals are inta ct .

    Increase the e nd t emperat ure

    a nd/or the h olding t ime.

    Increase the e nd t emperat ure

    an d /or holding t ime.

    Reduce the end tempe rature.

    Avoid sharp a ngles and edg es in

    the substructure.

    Check the design of t he

    substructure.

    Increa se the end te mperat ure .

    Vene er o nly alloys w ith a CTE in t he

    ra ng e 13.8 15.1x10-6K-1 (25 500 C).

    Vene er o nly alloys w ith a CTE in t he

    ra ng e 13.8 15.1x10-6

    K-1

    (25 500 C).Be sure to f ire w ithout a cooling

    phase.

    WarningInha ling ceram ic dust can b e ha rmful to the lungs. Ceramic powd ers must therefore b e stored in t ight ly sealed

    conta iners and used in accorda nce w ith the instructions provided . When g rinding the f ired ceram ic to i ts f ina l

    shape, alw ays w ear a mask with a P1 f i lter or use a n approved, fully operationa l work bench extraction unit .

    To orde r plea se cont a ct your local represent a tive o r

    call t he WIELAND Dent a l + Technik export de pa rtm ent

    o n + 49 73 21/3705-0.

    Technica l Hotline Ge rma ny: + 49 60 07 /91 76-222

    or cont a ct your local distributo r.

    43

  • 7/25/2019 Reflex Gebrauchsanweisung e

    44/44

    WIELAND De nt a l + Techn ik

    Gmb H &Co. KGSchwenn inger Strae 13

    75179 Pfo rzheim, Ge rman y

    Fon + 49 72 31/37 05-0

    Fax + 49 72 31 /35 79 59

    Interna tiona l Representa tions

    WIELAND De nt a l+ Tech nik is

    represent ed w orldw ide. To locat e

    your local conta ct plea se go to

    www.wieland-internat ional .com

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