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Transcript of Telekom tower
TELEKOM TOWERARCHITECTURE CULTURE AND HISTORY 2 [ARC60203]MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN KLANG VALLEY
NG YI YANG0319688
LYNETTE LAW YONG YI0317761
NATALIE KI XIAO XUAN0318918
NISHAANTHINY A/P SHANMUGGAM0323320
TABLE OF CONTENT
INTRODUCTION 2FAST FACTS OF THE BUILDING4HISTORY OF THE BUILDING6THE ARCHITECT8SITE CONTEXT by Ng Yi Yang & Nishaanthiny10ARCHITECTURE LAYOUT by Nishaanthiny15ARCHITECTURE STYLE by Natalie Ki26BUILDING CONSTRUCTION, STRUCTURE & MATERIALS by Lynette Law34ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS AND COMPONENTS by Ng Yi Yang46CONCLUSION55REFERRENCES57
Kuala Lumpur is the city centre and thriving hub of the country of Malaysia, the city skyline shows the blend of different influences of the country, including British Colonial, Mughal, Tudor, Neo-Gothic, Grecian-Spanish, Asian, Malay Islamic and Modern architecture, however, the stylings of each implementation and variation of architectural style has been adapted to accommodate the specific climatic and geographic characteristics of the country. Whilst the traditional motifs do still appear occasionally and inspire within the countrys architecture, many 20th century buildings of todays time are of Modernistic style. An excellent example is the topic of ours study, which is Menara Telekom (Telekom Tower). This report consist of detailed study of the skyscraper, ranging from building construction and materials, to architectural concept and style, to architecture layout and analysis. We chose this particular building to study as we find its unmistakable, distinguishable, dynamic form, to be well rounded in many aspects.
FAST FACTS OF THE BUILDING
Official Name: Menara TelekomOther Names: Bamboo Tower, Telekom Malaysia HeadquartersBuilding Type: SkyscraperBuilding Function: OfficeConstruction Period: 1998 2001Height: 310 m / 1,017 ftFloors above Ground: 55Architect: Hijjas Kasturi AssociatesAddress: Jalan Pantai Baharu, Taman Bukit Pantai, 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
HISTORY OF THE BUILDING
The Telekom Tower, also known as the Bamboo Tower or Telekom Malaysia Headquarters is located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Located along the Federal Highway, Sprint Expressway and Jalan Pantai Baharu, Telekom Tower is the 3rd tallest skyscraper in Malaysia, 66th place on the global ranking, largest Telecommunications company in the country and the second largest in South-East Asia.Built between 1998 and 2001, Telekom tower with its impressive architecture style is up to 421 metres, develops and rises along an east-west axis, with a spiral motion that reduces the figure. It has 55 floors which are interspersed evert by sky gardens that act as a link to the two sides of the structure. These sky gardens are recreational green space for the staffs. . The tower is equipped various facilities including a theatre that seats up to 2500 audience, a large mosque, a sports room, clinical centre, and many more.Designed by the architect Hijjas Kasturi, it was constructed by Daewoo Construction with the joined efforts by Alimak Hek that provided construction hoists and Dow Corning Corporation that supplied sealants. The total construction cost was U.S. $ 160 million Telekom Tower was officially opened by Malaysia's fourth Prime Minister, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohammad in the 11th February 2003.
Hijjas Kasturi Associates (HKAS) was founded in 1977 by Hijjas bin Kasturi, the father of Malaysian architecture of the second half of the twentieth century.Since then, Malaysias construction industry has witness dramatic changes. The city of Kuala Lumpur has transformed from a low rise cluster of shophouses with a few institutional buildings, punctuated by Bangkok Bank and the AIA, into a city with countless buildings of every description and the world's tallest twin towers.The early post-colonial period was characterized by strong nationalism and a desire to express this architecturally. HKAS deliberately developed designs that reconciled contemporary space and function with a modern aesthetic quality in relation to the forms and images of the past. This approach became a viable alternative to the popular International Style.Over a period of almost 30 years, there have been many constants in the practice of HKAS. But perhaps the most significant one has been its ability to consistently reinvent itself. This is perhaps even more difficult for a practice which primarily designs commercial and institutional buildings for which functionality, conservatism and the bottom line are the usual priorities. HKAS, however is distinctive for the freshness and inventiveness it brings to each successive building. Each of the HKAS buildings has its own character. Each tells a story and each seems to deal with the materials in an imaginative way, testing structural limits, playing with functional potential and exploring aesthetic possibilities. And they all unfailingly and individually address their urban context.
BUILDING ACCESSIBILITY Situated a few kilometres from the Petronas Towers, is the idealistic location of Telekom Tower with a site of 3.07 hectares. The south frontage of 338 metres faces onto the Federal Highway with immediate access to the Kerinchi overpass. The Northern boundary of the site is the Pantai River which allows a large border north of the site's building line for a suitable setback and impressive landscaping potential, just like the southern boundary on the Federal Highway. The mass rapid transit systems which are to follow the spine of the Federal Highway has been also taken into consideration during the building planning. The Kerinchi LRT Station is linked to the site with a pedestrian bridge which is within the neighboring development on the eastern side.Access to the building has been planned to ensure smooth anti clockwise vehicular traffic to and from the site. Entry and exit to the site are at the north east and north west from Pantai Baru Road. Traffic is estimated to disperse quickly due to various optional destinations plus the two levels of drop-off which is covered and has immediate access to a secure executive lounge. The parking lot in the New Headquarters alone can accommodate 1700 cars which is more than enough for staffs. Besides that an independent service and loading bay is located at north-eastern edge of site below the Podium. The LRT station also helps in reducing traffic by providing access to and from KL Central plus numerous other areas.
Relationship of Building to Surroundings
The site of the Telekom Tower is with a south facing the Federal Highway and the Pantai river as the boundary on the north. The north sites building line is made into a suitable set back with impressive landscaping, as so does the southern boundary on the Federal Highway. Surrounding the Telekom Tower are mostly high rise residential apartments and commercial blocks. There is also the Pantai Police station located right behind the building, assuring maximum security to the tower.From a distance, the Telekom Tower stands out in terms of its height and style. The building seems to be the tallest within the area and in contrast with all the other buildings. It is also unique in terms of its curving architecture style comparing to the basic blockish buildings around it.
Responding to the Climate
The linear shape of the site plan means that there are relatively narrow eastern and western frontages, an ideal condition for tropical structures in that the orientation minimizes the buildings direct exposure to sunlight on its facades, thus reducing solar-gain and minimizing air-conditioning loads while allowing for a high proportion of natural daylighting.Extensive landscaping is done around the site to create an inviting and accessible base for the building mass. Over 20% of the site area is landscape using trees, shrubs and plants. The overall impression will be of a lush green oasis welcoming the employee and visitor alike.
PLAN TO SECTION AND ELEVATION
Diagram shows the floor plans of the Telekom TowerThe new headquarters building was inspired by combination of technological needs and high tech nature of Telekom Malaysia with a functional yet organic workplace. The shape of the Tower was influenced by a sketch named "Pucuk Rebong" by Latiff Mohidin, a Malaysian sculptor and painter. Its a symbolism of a new sprout of bamboo shooting up from the Earth, with solid roots to anchor it and the beauty of an unfurling leaf.
Offices are the main spaces, located on the southern and northern sides linearly with central cores linking them in the middle. On the eastern and western sides are the sky gardens that provide ample supply of fresh air to localized air conditioners. The stale air from these air conditioners are then expelled through the external facade. The building is orientated in such way that the sun rise from the east is viewable from the south eastern sky garden whereas the sunset can be viewed from the north western sky garden.
Office is the space in which the whole building revolves around. To increase workers performance and creativity, careful planning of the environment has been done to create a comfortable space for them. The lower office have the largest floor areas and area column free spaces with raised access floors. Sophisticated pre-wiring systems allow for maximum flexibility in the office layout planning. These office spaces are granted with generous amount of natural daylight and have underfloor air-conditioning plus maximum fresh air that provides a healthy and airy environment. Recess windows with unobstructive external louvres carefully positioned to North and South elevations naturally reduce much of the heat gain while providing maintenance walkway for cleaning the gla